Two seminal New York cases have brought that state, along with potentially many more, into line with California’s position on the recovery of consequential damages.
The effects of Bi-Economy Market v. Harleysville, 886 N. E. 2d 127 (N.Y. 2008) and Panasia Estates v. Hudson Insurance Company, 886 N. E. 2d 134 (N.Y. 2008) are beginning to take shape in New York and beyond. The court in both cases allowed for the recovery of consequential damages for the insurers’ breach of their respective contracts even without bad faith conduct, holding that consequential damages beyond policy proceeds were foreseeable as a matter of law. Courts in many states have taken notice, and at least nine states have followed suit. California courts, however, have long recognized such recovery – the infamous Hadley v. Baxendale rule states that if the damages are within the reasonable expectation of the parties at the time of contracting they are recoverable.